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Giorgos Papandreou

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''For George Papandreou's grandfather, also called '''George Papandreou''', see [[George Papandreou, senior]].''
'''Giorgos''' (or '''George''') '''Andreas Papandreou''' ([[Greek language|Greek]]: Γιώργος Α. Παπανδρέου) (born [[June 16]], [[1952]] in St. Paul, Minnesota), is a Greek politician and was Foreign Minister of Greece from [[1999]] to [[2004]]. The son and grandson of Greek prime ministers, Papandreou became the leader of the [[PASOK|Panhellenic Socialist Movement]] (PASOK) party in February [[2004]]. On [[7 March]] Papandreou led PASOK to defeat in the Greek national elections.
[[Image:GiorgosPapandreou.jpg|thumb|230px|George Papandreou]]
Papandreou was born in St Paul, Minnesota, in the United States, where his father, [[Andreas Papandreou]], then held a university post. His mother is American-born Margaret Papandreou, nee Chant. He was educated at schools in Toronto Canada, at Amherst College in Massachusetts, Stockholm University, the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), and finally at Harvard University. He has a Bachelor of Arts degree in [[Sociology]] from Amhest College (USA, [[1970]]-[[1975]]) and a Master's degree in Sociology (Sociology of Development) from the LSE (United Kingdom, [[1976]]-[[1977]]). He was a researcher in immigration issues at Stockholm University (Sweden) [[1972]]-[[1973]]). He was also a Fellow (CFIA) of the Foreign Relations Centre of the Harvard University in ([[1992]]-[[1993]]). Apart from [[Greek language|Greek]] and English he is also fluent in Swedish.
Papandreou's educational career reflected the movements of his father, who had been exiled from Greece for political reasons in [[1939]] and did not return until [[1959]]. His grandfather, the elder [[George Papandreou, senior|George Papandreou]], was twice Prime Minister of Greece. The younger George did not settle in Greece until after the restoration of Greek democracy in [[1974]]. He then became active in his father's party, the [[PASOK|Panhellenic Socialist Movement]] (PASOK). As the son of the party leader he had a rapid rise, joining the Central Committee of PASOK in [[1984]], but no-one disputed his genuine ability.
==Political career==
[[Image:george_papandreou.jpg|thumb|230px|George Papandreou]]
Papandreou was elected to the Greek Parliament in [[1981]], the year his father became Prime Minister. He became Under Secretary for Cultural Affairs in [[1985]], Minister of Education and Religious Affairs in [[1988]], Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in [[1993]], Minister of Education and Religious Affairs again in [[1994]], Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs again in [[1996]] and Minister of Foreign Affairs in February [[1999]]. He was also Minister Responsible for Government Coordinator for the Bid for [[2004 Summer Olympics|2004 Olympic Games]] in [[1997]].
Papandreou received numerous awards and honorary degrees in recognition of his work for human rights. As Foreign Minister he abandoned the sometimes inflammatory nationalist rhetoric of his father and fostered closer relations with [[Turkey]], [[Albania]] and [[Bulgaria]], all countries with which Greece has traditionally had hostile relations. He worked without success to solve the dispute over [[Cyprus]], being unwilling to make concessions on Greece's fundamental position that Cyprus must be reunited. He also worked to repair the damage of the [[Macedonia]] crisis of the early 1990s.
On [[December 22]] [[2003]], [ European Voice] in the publication "The Europeans of the Year" named him as "The Bridge-Builder" and "Diplomat of the Year". []. [[Le Monde]] has called him the "architect of Greek-Turkish rapprochement". He is a founding member of the [[Helsinki Citizens Assembly]].
Papandreou was elected Vice President of the [[Socialist International]] following a proposal by the President, [[Antonio Gutteres]], at the second day of session of the Council of Socialist International held in [[Ramallah]] ([[Palestinian Territories]]) on [[May 24]], [[2005]].
==See also==
* [[PASOK|Panhellenic Socialist Movement]]
* [[Politics of Greece]]
[[Category:Greek politicians|Papandreou, George]]
[[de:Georgios Andreou Papandreou]]
[[el:Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου (νεότερος)]]
[[nl:Georgios Papandreou junior]]

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