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'''Messinia''' ([[Greek language|Greek]]: Μεσσηνία, also spelled '''Messenia''') is a [[prefecture]] in [[Peloponnesus]], a region of [[Greece]]. Messinia is bounded on the east by [[Mount Taygetus]], on the north by the river Neda and the Arcadian Mountains, on the south and west by the sea.
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Historically and economically its most important part is the great plain, consisting of two distinct portions, watered by the river Pamisus (mod. Pirnatza) and its affluents. This is the most fertile tract in Greece, and at the present day produces oranges, citrons, almonds, figs, grapes and olives in great abundance and of excellent quality. The plain, is bounded on the north by the Nomian Mountains (modern Tetrási, around 1,570 m, 5210 ft.) and their westerly extension, on the west by the mountains of Cyparissia (around 1,300 m, 4000 ft.), a southern continuation of which forms the south-west peninsula of the Morea, attaining its greatest height in Mt Mathia (mod. [[Lykodimos]] about 950 m, 3160 ft.). Off the south coast of, this peninsula lie the three, Oenussae islands and the islet of Theganussa (Venetikó). In spite of its long coastline, Messinia has no good harbours except the [[Bay of Pylos]] (Navarino), and has never played an important part in Greek naval history.