Andreas Kalvos

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Andreas Kalvos (Greek: Ανδρέας Κάλβος, 1792-November 3, 1869) was one of the greatest Greek writers.


Kalvos was born in Zakynthos in 1792 His parents were Andriani Roukani and Ioannis Kalvos who also had an older son, Nikolaos. Kalvos visited Livorno (then Leghorn) and Pisa for a few months where he worked with other writers. In Livorno, Kalvos wrote his first work: Ymno ston Napoleonta = Hymn to Napoleon. In 1812, his father died. Ugo Foscolo became his teacher and indoctrinator in neoclassicism, in ancient models and in liberal politics. In 1813, Kalvos and Foscolo wrote four tragedies in Italian including Theramenes, Danaides and Hippias. Kalvos also completed four dramatic neoclassical works. Foscolo was banished to Zurich in Switzerland at the end of 1813. Kalvos later wrote Odi eis Iounious, in 1816, when he learned and the death of his mother.

Kalvos married Teresa Thomas in May of 1819 but she died one year later. He left England in 1820. Kalvos visited Florence, Paris and Geneva, where he worked as a professor of foreign languages and also studied the manuscripts of the Iliad.

At the end of June 1826, he moved to Nafplio. A month later, he visited Corfu and attended the Ionian Academy until 1827. In 1841, he became principal of the Corfiot Gymnasium (Kerkyraikon Gymnasion) and he later worked in several newspapers. He moved to Louth in England at the end of 1852, where he married Charlotte Wadans a year after his arrival. Kalvos died on November 3, 1869.


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