Miltiades (c.550 BC–489 BC) was an aristocrat from a major family of Athens. He made himself ruler of Gallipoli in Thrace, and probably fought against Darius I and his Persian forces during the Ionian Revolt. He was overthrown in 492 BC, after which he fled to Athens and soon served the city-state as a general.
While leading a military expedition to the Crimean peninsula (a major source of grain for the Athenians) he married Hegesipyle, the daughter of Olorus the King of Thrace. Their son Kimon was a major figure of the 470s and 460s BC.
Shortly thereafter he led an expedition against the Greek islands that had supported Persia. During a battle in Paros, he was wounded in the leg. The expedition ended in failure and, upon his return, he was branded as a traitor. Miltiades was sentenced to die but his penalty was commuted to a fine. Unable to pay, he was sent to prison where he died in 489 BC.
His fine was later paid by his son Kimon.