Phanari, Fanar (Greek Φανάρι, Turkish Fener) is a historical, exclusive residential area, in Constantinople (today Istanbul), named so because of the Phanari (Faros) that existed there since before the 11th century. There are numerous historic wooden houses, Byzantine churches, and synagogues, for example the Church of "Panagia ton Moggolion" known as "Παναγια η Μουχλιοτησα" build 1261.
After the 17th century, Phanari was the address of many rich and influential families, mostly Greek, and they were known as Phanariotes. The most influential Phanariot families were: Kantakouzenos, Mavrocordatos, Karatzas (Caradja), Callimachi, Ghyka (Ghica), Soutso (Sutu) , Aristarchi, Rangabe, Vlastos, Argyropoulos, Mourousis (Moruzi), Rosetti (Ruset), Ralli, Mavrogeni and others. Many individuals were appointed voivodes (Princes) of Wallachia or/and Moldavia by the Sultan.
- Byzance apres Byzance. by N. Iorga, Bucurest 1971.
- Τριανταφυλλίδης On line Dictionary Φανάρι (3α) Retrieved on October, 7 2006