Difference between revisions of "Tripolis"

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'''Tripolis''' ([[Greek language|Greek]], Modern: Τρίπολη, Ancient/[[Katharevousa]]: Τρίπολις; see also [[List of traditional Greek place names]]), older form and [[Latin]]: '''Tripolis''', rarely '''Tripolitsa''', '''Tripolitza''' and '''Tripolizza''' is a city in the central part of the [[Peloponnesos]], [[Greece]], and the capital of the prefecture of [[Arcadia]] and the [[Mantineia province|province of Mantineia]] which is the most populated province in Arcadia.  The municipality is the largest city in the prefecture as well and presently one of the only growing places in Arcadia.  The distance from [[Pyrgos, Greece|Pyrgos]] is about 145 km E, 125 km E of [[Olympia, Greece|Olympia]], 144 km SE of [[Patras]] and ESE of [[Kalavryta]], 78 km  (old: 120 km) SW of [[Corinth, Greece|Corinth]] and about 148 (old: 200 km) WSW of [[Athens]], W of [[Argos]] and [[Nafplio]], NW of [[Leonidiο]], N of [[Sparta]], NNE of [[Kalamata]], 33 km NE of [[Megalopoliσ]] and NE of [[Kyparissia]], E of [[Stemnitsa]] and ESE of [[Dimitsana]].  In the Middle Ages, the place was known as Drobolitsa. Today [[Tripoli]] is the seat of the recently founded [[University of Peloponnesos]][http://www.uop.gr] with two departments of the Sciences and Technology School and one department of the Economics and Administration School.  
+
'''Tripolis''' also '''[[Tripoli]]''' ([[Greek language|Greek]], Modern: Τρίπολη, Ancient/[[Katharevousa]]: Τρίπολις) rarely '''Tripolitsa''', '''Tripolitza''' and '''Tripolizza''' is a city in the central part of the [[Peloponnesos]], [[Greece]], and the capital of the prefecture of [[Arcadia]] and the [[Mantineia province|province of Mantineia]] which is the most populated province in Arcadia.  The municipality is the largest city in the prefecture as well and presently one of the only growing places in Arcadia.  The distance from [[Pyrgos]] is about 145 km E, 125 km E of [[Olympia]], 144 km SE of [[Patras]] and ESE of [[Kalavryta]], 78 km  (old: 120 km) SW of [[Corinth]] and about 148 (old: 200 km) WSW of [[Athens]], W of [[Argos]] and [[Nafplio]], NW of [[Leonidiο]], N of [[Sparta]], NNE of [[Kalamata]], 33 km NE of [[Megalopolis]] and NE of [[Kyparissia]], E of [[Stemnitsa]] and ESE of [[Dimitsana]].  [[Tripoli]] is the seat of the recently founded [[University of Peloponnesos]][http://www.uop.gr] with two departments of the Sciences and Technology School and one department of the Economics and Administration School.  
  
 
==Subdivision==
 
==Subdivision==
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*Milea (northeast)
 
*Milea (northeast)
 
*Tripoli Industrial area (east)
 
*Tripoli Industrial area (east)
*[[Steno (Tripoli), Greece|Steno]] (east)
+
*[[Steno (Tripoli)|Steno]] (east)
 
*Agios Konstantinos, SE
 
*Agios Konstantinos, SE
 
*Agios Vasileios, SE
 
*Agios Vasileios, SE
 
*[[Tegea]] (south)
 
*[[Tegea]] (south)
*[[Thana, Greece|Thana]]? (southwest)
+
*[[Thana]] (southwest)
  
 
==Communes==
 
==Communes==
  
*[[Agios Vasileios (Arcadia), Greece|Agios Vasileios]]
+
*[[Agios Vasileios (Arcadia)|Agios Vasileios]]
*[[Agios Konstantinos (Tripoli), Greece|Agios Vasileios]]
+
*[[Agios Konstantinos (Arcadia)|Agios Konstantinos]]
 
*[[Evandro]] (pop: 40)
 
*[[Evandro]] (pop: 40)
*[[Thana, Greece|Thana]]
+
*[[Thana]]
**[[Perpatari]]
 
 
*[[Makri]]
 
*[[Makri]]
**[[Sanatorio Makris]]
 
 
*[[Merkovounio]]
 
*[[Merkovounio]]
*[[Pallantino]]
+
*[[Pallantio]]
*[[Pelagos]]
+
*[[Pelagos (Arcadia)|Pelagos]]
 
*[[Perthori]]
 
*[[Perthori]]
**[[Epano Chrepa]] Monastery
+
*[[Skopi (Arcadia)|Skopi]]
*[[Skopi (Arcadia), Greece|Skopi]]
 
**[[Chania (Tripoli), Greece|Skopi]]
 
*'''Tripoli'''
 
Elaiohori
 
  
 
==Historical population==
 
==Historical population==
  
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" class=prettytable
 
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
 
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
 
! Year !! Communal population !! Change !! Municipal population !! Change
 
! Year !! Communal population !! Change !! Municipal population !! Change
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By 1821, the city had a population of 20,000, mostly Greeks but also with large Turkish and Jewish communities.
 
By 1821, the city had a population of 20,000, mostly Greeks but also with large Turkish and Jewish communities.
  
Tripolis was the first major city to be taken by the Greeks in their [[War of Independence]] against the Ottoman Empire. It had been besieged for 5 months by [[Theodoros Kolokotronis]], his nephew [[Nikitas Stamatelopoulos]] (better known as "Nikitaras"), [[Dimitrios Ypsilantis]], [[Dimitris Plapoutas]], Anagnostaras and other Greek revolutionaries. Finally, on [[September 23]], [[1821]] the Greeks broke through the Turkish defences and a slaughter ensued. (See [[Siege of Tripolis]]).  
+
Tripolis was the first major city to be taken by the Greeks in their [[War of Independence]] against the Ottoman Empire. It had been besieged for 5 months by [[Theodoros Kolokotronis]], his nephew [[Nikitas Stamatelopoulos]] (better known as "[[Nikitaras]]"), [[Dimitrios Ypsilantis]], [[Dimitris Plapoutas]], [[Anagnostaras]] and other Greek revolutionaries. Finally, on [[September 23]], [[1821]] the Greeks broke through the Turkish defences and a slaughter ensued. (See [[Siege of Tripolis]]).  
  
 
In [[1825]] [[Ibrahim pasha]] retook the city and burned it to the ground but the Greeks rebuilt it in [[1828]].  
 
In [[1825]] [[Ibrahim pasha]] retook the city and burned it to the ground but the Greeks rebuilt it in [[1828]].  
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*[[Kostas Karyotakis]] ([[October 30]], [[1896]] – [[July 20]], [[1928]] in [[Preveza]])
 
*[[Kostas Karyotakis]] ([[October 30]], [[1896]] – [[July 20]], [[1928]] in [[Preveza]])
 
*[[Semni Karusou]] (about [[1900]] - [[December 8]], [[1994]]),a [[List of Greek archaeologists|Greek archaeologist]]
 
*[[Semni Karusou]] (about [[1900]] - [[December 8]], [[1994]]),a [[List of Greek archaeologists|Greek archaeologist]]
 +
*[[Yiannis Kouros]], long-distance runner
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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*[[Communities of Arcadia]]
 
*[[Communities of Arcadia]]
  
{{Prefectural capitals of Greece}}
 
{{Arcadia}}
 
  
 
[[Category:Arcadia prefecture]]
 
[[Category:Arcadia prefecture]]
 
[[Category:Cities and towns in Greece]]
 
[[Category:Cities and towns in Greece]]
 
[[Category:Greek prefectural capitals]]
 
[[Category:Greek prefectural capitals]]

Latest revision as of 16:07, December 4, 2008

Statistics
Prefecture: Arcadia (capital)
Province: Mantineia (capital)
Location: 37° 30′ 71″ N, 22° 22′ 35″ E
Population: (2001)
 - Total
 - Density¹
 - Rank

 -28,976

 -/km²
Communes: 11
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:

northern part
655 m(centre)
Mainalo
Postal code: 221 00
Area/distance code: 11-30-27320 (030-2710)
-20 through 9
Municipal code: 0520
Car designation: TP
Name of inhabitants: Tripolitan sing., -s pl.
Address of administration: 43 Ethniki Antistasis St.
Tripoli 221 00
Website: www.tripoli.gr
(in Greek)

Tripolis also Tripoli (Greek, Modern: Τρίπολη, Ancient/Katharevousa: Τρίπολις) rarely Tripolitsa, Tripolitza and Tripolizza is a city in the central part of the Peloponnesos, Greece, and the capital of the prefecture of Arcadia and the province of Mantineia which is the most populated province in Arcadia. The municipality is the largest city in the prefecture as well and presently one of the only growing places in Arcadia. The distance from Pyrgos is about 145 km E, 125 km E of Olympia, 144 km SE of Patras and ESE of Kalavryta, 78 km (old: 120 km) SW of Corinth and about 148 (old: 200 km) WSW of Athens, W of Argos and Nafplio, NW of Leonidiο, N of Sparta, NNE of Kalamata, 33 km NE of Megalopolis and NE of Kyparissia, E of Stemnitsa and ESE of Dimitsana. Tripoli is the seat of the recently founded University of Peloponnesos[1] with two departments of the Sciences and Technology School and one department of the Economics and Administration School.

Subdivision

Nearest places

  • Chania (north)
  • Milea (northeast)
  • Tripoli Industrial area (east)
  • Steno (east)
  • Agios Konstantinos, SE
  • Agios Vasileios, SE
  • Tegea (south)
  • Thana (southwest)

Communes

Historical population

Year Communal population Change Municipal population Change
1981 21,337 - - -
1991 22,429 1,092/5.12% 26,432 -
2001 25,520 3,091/13.78% 28,976 2,544/9.62%

The city was created by merging three parts, which is the origin of its name (from Greek τρεις πόλεις, meaning the three cities. Its main plazas are aligned with the main street and with a highway linking to Pyrgos and Patras. One of them is named Kennedy, the other is named Georgiou B' (George II). The southern part has its main street named Washington. The main section of the city is enclosed around the castle walls that were built during the Ottoman occupation of Greece.

The city is surrounded by pine trees in the south and west, mount Mainalo (Maenalus) in the west while another mountain is 5 km E and fertile lands elsewhere. The closest mountain ridge of Mainalo is only about 1 km west.Wetlands used to dominate much of the area in the northeast. The industrial area is founded in the eastern part, formerly 100 m of the southern terminus of the superhighway, it is now near an interchange? where factories are founded.

Tripoli is home to the two largest Armed Forces bootcamp centers of Greece, one for the Hellenic Army and one for the Hellenic Air Force

Transportation

Tripoli was not bypassed until the 1980s, highways weren't bypassed then. It was GR-7 in the southeast and was the southern terminus of the toll freeway of E65. Later in 1999, Tripoli became bypasses to the east by creating a direct highway between Pyrgos and Athens. Now it is bypassed 10 km NE and E since 2001, the opening of the extension of the superhighway.

History

Tripolis was built in the 14th Century and was first known as Ydropolitsa or Droboglitsa. By 1821, the city had a population of 20,000, mostly Greeks but also with large Turkish and Jewish communities.

Tripolis was the first major city to be taken by the Greeks in their War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. It had been besieged for 5 months by Theodoros Kolokotronis, his nephew Nikitas Stamatelopoulos (better known as "Nikitaras"), Dimitrios Ypsilantis, Dimitris Plapoutas, Anagnostaras and other Greek revolutionaries. Finally, on September 23, 1821 the Greeks broke through the Turkish defences and a slaughter ensued. (See Siege of Tripolis).

In 1825 Ibrahim pasha retook the city and burned it to the ground but the Greeks rebuilt it in 1828.

After liberation, in 1829, Tripolis became a major centre of the independent Greek state. Its population has steadily increased since then.

Persons

External links




North: Levidi, Mantineia
West: Falanthos Tripoli East: Korythios, Korynthos
South: Tegea, Valtesi

See also: