The population of the town was 1801 inhabitants, according to the 2001 census.
Andros, called locally "Chora" or "Hora", is the capital of the island. It is situated on a headland between two beaches - Paraporti and Nimborio. It has a mix of post-World War I neoclassical mansions with vernacular Cycladic houses. The town squares are paved with marble. At the end of the headland are two islands, the first linked to the mainland by a brick bridge a ruined Venetian castle and the second a lighthouse.
There are four museums: the rather bland Archaeological Museum, a exceptional Museum of Modern Art, a Nautical Museum and the Museum of Traditional Arts and Byzantine Icons.
There is also a library, named after Theophilos Kairis, which contains about 3000 tomes from the collection of the clergyman/intellectual. In the library are also on display a large number of rare publications, manuscripts, historical records, works of art and a small archaeological collection. Within the records, there is an extensive collection of letters, from a network of intellectuals to Kairis, about the trends in European science and philosophy of that period.