From Phantis
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Miltiades (c.550 BC489 BC) was an aristocrat from a major family of Athens. He made himself ruler of Gallipoli in Thrace, and probably fought against Darius I and his Persian forces during the Ionian Revolt. He was overthrown in 492 BC, after which he fled to Athens and soon served the city-state as a general.

While leading a military expedition to the Crimean peninsula (a major source of grain for the Athenians) he married Hegesipyle, the daughter of Olorus the King of Thrace. Their son Kimon was a major figure of the 470s and 460s BC.

Miltiades was elected one of the 10 generals (strategoi) for 490/489, and is often credited with the tactics that defeated the Persians in the Battle of Marathon that year.

Shortly thereafter he led an expedition against the Greek islands that had supported Persia. During a battle in Paros, he was wounded in the leg. The expedition ended in failure and, upon his return, he was branded as a traitor. Miltiades was sentenced to die but his penalty was commuted to a fine. Unable to pay, he was sent to prison where he died in 489 BC.

His fine was later paid by his son Kimon.