Napoleon Papageorgiou was a Greek athlete in the javelin throw.
Papageorgiou was born on May 2, 1908 in Tripolis. He belonged to Iraklis and later Panionios.
Papageorgiou set the Greek record for the javelin throw at a 64.69m, in Athens on October 3, 1936. He was a member of the Greek team in the Berlin Olympics of 1936.
Among his accomplishments were 4 gold and 2 silver medals in the Balkan Games between 1932 and 1938.
Papageorgiou served on the board of SEGAS.