Mount Olympus is noted for its very rich flora with several endemic species. The highest peak on Mount Olympus is Mitikas, which in Greek means "nose." There are two refuges on a plain about forty five minutes away from Mitikas. Mitikas is the highest peak in Greece, the second highest being Stefani. Any climb to Mount Olympus starts from the town of Litochoro, which took the name City of Gods because of its location in the roots of the mountain.
In Greek mythology, Mount Olympus is the home of the Twelve Olympians, the principal gods in the Greek pantheon. The Greeks thought of it as built up with crystal mansions wherein the gods, such as Zeus, dwelt.
The etymology and meaning of the name Olympus (Olympos) is unknown, and it may be of Pre-Indo-European origin.