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The Achaemenid Dynasty ruled the Persian Empire at the height of its grandeur between 550 and 330 BC.
|Cyrus II the Great||550-530||Established Persian Empire; conquered Asia Minor|
|Smerdis or Gaumata||522|
|Darius I||522-486||Twice attempted to invade Greece, was defeated at Marathon|
|Xerxes I||486-465||Invaded Greece, was defeated at Salamis|
|Artaxerxes II||404-358||Defeated by the Ten Thousand at the Battle of Cunaxa|
|Darius III Codomanus||336-330||Defeated by Alexander the Great|