During the Trojan War, Andromache's husband Hector was slain by Achilles. Their child Astyanax was dropped off the Trojan walls by the Greeks for fear that he would grow up and avenge his father and city. Andromache was made a slave of Neoptolemus, son of Achilles. These events are depicted in The Trojan Women, another play by Euripides. Years pass and Andromache has a child through Neoptolemus. However, Neoptolemus weds Hermione, daughter of Menelaus and Helen, and Hermione is very jealous of the relationship between Andromache and Neoptolemus. Fearing for her life and the life of her child, Andromache hides the child and seeks refuge in the temple of Thetis, mother of Achilles.
- Edward P. Coleridge, 1891 - prose: full text
- Gilbert Murray, 1901 prose, 1912 verse
- Arthur S. Way, 1912 - verse
- Hugh O. Meredith, 1937 - verse
- Van L. Johnson, 1955 - prose
- John Frederick Nims, 1958 - verse
- David Kovacs, 1994 - prose: full text