The Hellenic Army (Greek: Ελληνικός Στρατός) is the land force of Greece (The Hellenic Republic).
The Hellenic Army took part in the following wars:
- Greek War of Independence (1821-1829)
- Greco-Turkish War (1897)
- First Balkan War (1912)
- Second Balkan War (1913)
- World War I (1917-1918)
- Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
- Greco-Italian War (1940-1941)
- World War II (1940-1945)
- Greek Civil War (1946-1949)
- Korean War
as well as the following undeclared military actions:
- Hellenic Army General Staff — Γενικό Επιτελείο Στρατού (ΓΕΣ)
- Chief-of-Staff of the Army — Αρχηγός Γ.Ε.Σ. The current Chief-of-Staff of the Army is Lt. Gen. Konstantinos Ziazias.
- Inspector General of the Army — Γενικός Επιθεωρητής. Στρατού. The current IG is Lt. Gen. Konstantinos Ginis.
- 1st Deputy Chief-of-Staff of the Army — A' Υπαρχηγός Γ.Ε.Σ. The current 1st Deputy Chief-of-Staff is Lt. Gen. Vasilios Tellidis.
- 2nd Deputy Chief-of-Staff of the Army — Β' Υπαρχηγός Γ.Ε.Σ. The current 2nd Deputy Chief-of-Staff is Lt. Gen. Athanasios Koutroubelis
Combat and support arms
Most combat arms are called "Arm" (Όπλο), most support branches are called "Corps of" (Σώμα), with some exceptions.Αrms are the Army Elements with a mission to conduct or participate directly in combat. These are:
- Infantry Όπλον Πεζικού
- Armored Cavalry Όπλον Ιππικού Τεθωρακισμένων
- Artillery Όπλον Πυροβολικού
- Corps of Engineers Σώμα Μηχανικού
- Signal Corps Σώμα Διαβιβάσεων
- Corps of Αrmy Aviation Σώμα Αεροπορίας Στρατού
Corps are the Army Elements that have Field Units and provide Logistic Support. These are:
Furthermore, Corps are also called the Army Elements that do not have Field Units, but provide other type of Logistic Support. These are:
Personnel are both volunteer and conscript. Conscript enlisted men and non-commissioned officers wear special rank insignia to differentiate them from volunteers. There are currently 109,266 personnel on active duty. Mobilization strength is 365,000 more.
The heavy equipment and weaponry of the Hellenic Army is of mostly foreign manufacture, from German, French, American and British suppliers.
Equipment runs the gamut from state-of-the art to obsolescent Cold-War inventories; the latter are gradually being retired.