From Phantis
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pydna (in Greek: Πύδνα), also Pidna was a Greek city in ancient Macedon, the most important in Pieria. Modern Pydna is a rural municipality and coastal town in the northeastern part of the Prefecture of Pieria. Pydna is situated in fertile land to the north of the Pierian plain. Hills and mountains dominate the west, while beaches and the Thermian Gulf dominate the east. Pydna is linked with GR-1/E75 through its interchange to its west and in Kitros. The old highway ran through Pydna. It is located N of Larisa, NE of Katerini, ESE of Veria and WSW of Thessaloniki.

Nearest places

Ancient Pydna

Pydna was already subject to Macedon under Alexander I (Thucydides I.131.1), but later regained its independence. It was besieged by the Athenians in 432 BC. Pydna was brought back under Macedonian rule in 410 BC by Archelaus, who reestablished the city twenty stadia further inland (Diodorus of Sicily 13.14). The Athenians seized Pydna in 364 BC, only to have it retaken eight years later by Philip II of Macedon, in spite of a secret agreement that bound it to Athens. Cassander besieged and captured Pydna in 317 BC and had the queen mother, Olympias, who had taken refuge there, put to death.

The Battle of Pydna (June 22, 168 BC), in which the Roman general Aemilius Paulus defeated King Perseus, ended the reign of the Antigonid dynasty over Macedon.

The site of the city is disputed but may correspond, according to epigraphic evidence agreeing with Byzantine tradition, to the village of Kitros rather than to Alonia.

Pydna is the location of a Macedonian tomb discovered and explored by León Heuzey during his archaeological expedition in 1867.

Modern Pydna

Pydna today is a town that is located near the archaeological site.


Pydna has Primary and Secondary schools, banks, a post office, sports facilities, beaches located to the east, and traditional Greek "Plateia" - town and village "squares". (plateies).

Historical population

Year Population Change Municipal (Provincial) or Island population Change
1981 1,882 - - -
1991 1,789 - 4,678 -


  • Léon Heuzey, H. Daumet, Mission archéologique de Macédoine (Archaeological Mission in Macedonia), Paris, 1876, 239-266.
  • R. Danoff, RE s. v. "Pydna", Suppl. X (1965), 833-842.

External links

See also

A portion of content for this article is credited to Wikipedia. Content under GNU Free Documentation License(GFDL)