Tenedos (Turkish Bozcaada) is an island in the Aegean Sea which is part of Çanakkale Province in Turkey. Before the First World War, Tenedos had been divided between Greeks and Turks since the 14th century, and the division had been more or less equal when counts had been taken.
Because of the strategic position of Tenedos and Imvros, near the Dardanelles, the western powers, particularly Britain, insisted at the end of the Balkan Wars in 1913 that the islands should be retained by the Ottoman Empire when the other Aegean islands were ceded to Greece.
Bozcaada has a population of about 2,500. The population today is mostly Turkish but there are still about 100 Greeks. The main industries of the island are fishing and tourism. The grapes, wines and red poppies of Tenedos have been famous for centuries.