Nigrita

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Statistics
Prefecture: Serres prefecture
Province: Vissaltia
Location:
Latitude:
Longitude:

40.904 (40°54'17") N lat.</br> 23.492 (23°29'29") E long.
Population: (1991)
 - Total
 - Density
 - Rank

 1,359

 -/km
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:

Strymon River
80 m(centre)
Vertiskos (west)
Number of communities: 5
Postal code: 622 00
Area/distance code: 11-(00)30-23220-2 thru 7
Municipal code: 4715
Car designation: EP
3-letter abbreviation: NGR Nigrita
Address of administration: St.
Nigrita 622 00
Website: www.nigrita.gr
(in Greek)

Nigrita (Greek: Νιγρίτα) is a town and a municipality situated almost between the Strymonian plain of the Strymon river and the Vertiskos mountains featuring the mountaintop Trani Rachi to the southwest. Nigrita is the capital of the Visaltia province and is in the southwestern part of the Serres prefecture. Nigrita is also the second largest community in the prefecture. The Thessaloniki prefecture is founded to the southwest which has no road linking westwart except for nearby GR-12 outside the municipality. All of the communities and much of the population live on the plain. Nigrita is accessed with a road linking to the western part of the prefecture and to Via Egnatia and north to Serres. Nigrita is located S of Serres, W of Amphipolis and Kavala, N of the Via Egnatia, NE of Thessaloniki and E of Langada.

The main football/soccer team in Nigrita is the Nigrita FC.

History

Nigrita during the Byzantine and the Ottoman rule was the administrative economic centre in the wide area. Nigrita was first mentioned from a tax register in the 15th century and second in the Serrean Papasynadinou Chronicle.

In the later years of the Ottoman Empire, Nigrita along with the villages was a municipality of the old kaza Serres which in the final years of the Ottoman period were of Greek origin. In the city and the environs did not had a Bulgarian population because the city and the area mainly was a Greek-speaking area and quarrelsome in the Greek zone that was known as Little Greece or the Greek quarter.

The economy and the population observed in the 18th and the early 19th centuries. The main agriculture were cereals, wines, cigars, cotton, sesame and aniseed. The main industries were silkworms and silk and animal trade which was the economic bloom which knew the area of that period.

In the duration of the Ottoman period, Nigrita's schoold from the mid-19th century did not testify interests of the city and the areas for the letters.

The economic lifestyle which had in Nigrita and the area in the last years of the Ottoman rule was sufficient and was not forehead of the difficultues of the Macedonian game. The same age later, the activity around the Macedonian affairs was one of the most important Nigritian persons was Athanasios Argyros, legalist with rich workd, president of the Athenian Pan-Macedonian Society and later, a politician of the Serres prefecture and Ministry of Farming and Education.

Nigrita and the area knew that the fierce of the Ottomans over the disarmanent between the Ottoman youths in 1910, Nigrita became part of Greece in 1912 following the Balkan Wars. Nigrita that time was in the middle of the fiercement with captain Giagklis who battled in the Balkan Wars for the liberation of Nigrita from the Turks. Refugees of the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) arrived in the 1920s. In the middle of the war, Nigrita was founded in the point in the population, economy and public affairs.

Significally, Nigrita and around Nigrita was in the national resistance front against the German occupation during World War II. Nigrita was constituted the area around Strymon.

Communities

Other

Nigrita has schools, lyceums, a few gymnasia, banks, churches, a post office and a few squares (plateies).

Historical population

Year Population Change Municipal population
1981 6,531 - -
1991 6,186 -345/-5.28% 10,668

External links


See also: