Vasilissis Sofias Avenue
Vasilissis Sofias Avenue, (Greek Λεωφόρος Βασιλίσσης Σοφίας) is a major avenue in the east side of Athens, the Greek capital. The avenue is named after Queen Sophia the consort of King Constantine I. The avenue begins at the intersections of Amalias Avenue and Panepistimiou Street and ends by Alexandras, Kifissias and Mesogeion Avenues as well as Feidippou Street, continuing a length of approximately 3 km. A section of the avenue is part of the old GR-1, and a branch of GR-54.
The avenue passes through north of the Old Royal Palace which today houses the Greek Parliament, as well as the National Gardens of Athens, the Byzantine Museum, the Athens War Museum, a small forest area, the Athens Hilton Hotel, the Athens Concert Hall, the Aretaieion Hospital, the Alexandra Hospital and the Ippokrateion Hospital. Mavilis Square is nearby, by D. Soutsou Street.
The westbound lanes turn into Amalias Avenue and Panepistimiou Street, and the northbound of Amalias turns into Vasileias Sofias Avenue and Panepistimiou Street ; there is no traffic flow from the eastbound of Panepistimiou Street as it forms a one-way route westbound, and since the 2000s transit traffic has been excluded.
Four Athens Metro stations (Line 3) are on, or near, Vassilissis Sofias Avenue.
The avenue was first paved in the 20th century and added trolley lanes by the ends of the avenue, with neo-classical buildings also taking shape by the avenue. After World War II and the Greek Civil War, it added modern eight-to-ten storey buildings in most of the intersection ( mainly to the north) with traffic and street lights installed. Today's Vassilias Sofias Avenue has, on its west side, four lanes westbound and two lanes eastbound, while beyond, the rest of the avenue takes in three lanes, including a bus lane and intersection by Vassileos Konstantinou Avenue and Vasileos Alexandrou Street.
- Vasileias Amalias Avenue and Panepistimiou Street
- Akadimias Street, north
- Solonos Street, north
- Merlin Street
- Koubari and Herodou Attikou streets
- Ploutarchou and Rizari Streets
- Marasli Street
- Vasileos Konstantinou Avenue and Vasileos Alexandrou Avenue
- Papadiamantopoulou Street
- D. Soutsou Street
- Mesogeios Avenue
- Alexandras and Kifissias Avenue
Major buildings on Vassilissis Sofias Avenue
- Benaki Museum
- National Gardens of Athens
- Athens War Museum
- National Gallery (Athens)
- Athens Concert Hall
- Stathatos Mansion, part of the Goulandris Museum of Cycladic Art.
- Byzantine and Christian Museum
- Greek Parliament
- Offices of the EU in Athens
- National Research Institute
- Embassy of Argentina
- Embassy of Austria
- Embassy of Chile
- Embassy of Denmark
- Embassy of Egypt
- Embassy of Lithuania
- Embassy of Malta
- Embassy of Norway
- Embassy of Portugal
- Embassy of the United States