Serres prefecture

From Phantis
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Serres prefecture (Greek: Νομός Σερρών Nomos Serron) is a prefecture located in east northeastern Macedonia. The total population almost reached over 200,000 and the capital is of the same name.


The mountains are Orvelos are to the north, Menoikio to the east, Pangaio to the southeat, Kerdylio to the southwest, Vertiskos to the west, parts of Krousi to the west and portions of the Kerkini lies to the northwest. The bounding prefectures and one district of another state (nation) are Thessaloniki to the southwest, Kilkis to the west, the Former Yugoslav Republic of "Macedonia" (FYROM) with the district of Strumica to the northwest, Bulgaria to the north, Drama to the northeast and the Kavala to the east. The Strymonian Gulf lies to the south along with the Strymonas delta. Lake Cercinities was a lake located in the southern portion which is now drained. The prefecture covers 3% of all of Greece. 41% of the prefecture are arable and most of the lands are near the Strymonas River which flows from Bulgaria and empties into the Strymonic Gulf?. Another river is the Angitis in the eastern portion of the prefecture.


In modern times, Serres, like the rest of Macedonia was contested territory between Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and the Ottoman Empire. Serres was seized from the Turks by the Bulgarians in the First Balkan War and became a part of Greece at the end of the Second Balkan War. During the National Schism, it was occupied by Bulgaria again only to form part of Greece at the end of the war. During the Second World War Bulgaria occupied Serres and launched a campaign of Bulgariasation. It was liberated in 1944. On May 19, 2005, an OSE train collided at around 7 to 8 in the morning (4 to 5 AM UTC/GMT) injuring four people near Rodopoli on a line linking Thessaloniki and Sidirokastro and Sofia in Bulgaria as well as Serres and Alexandroupolis. Four people were hospitalized.


A substantial portion of the population of the prefecture are descended from refugees which came from Eastern Thrace which is now Northwestern Turkey, Asia Minor and from Pontus during the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922).

The prefecture has a lot of archaeological and historical features including Serres, Amphipolis, several monasteries, and Metaxa near the border with Bulgaria. The prefecture is also a tourist attraction including Lailia, rich in forests, a skiing resort in the central portion, lake Kerkini which is a reservoir supplying water to the farmlands, fishing is common within Ano Poroia especially during the summer months and famous caves near Alistrati.

It is also famous for being the place of origin of Constantine Karamanlis.


The areas that mainly get Mediterranean climate is at the southern portion by the Axios valley. Its climate is mainly continental with cold winters in higher elevations.




Famous inhabitants of the Serres prefecture




Municipality YPES code Seat Postal code Area code ((0)30-)
Achinos 4705 Sitochori 622 00 23220-5
Alistrati 4702 Alistrati 620 45 23720-5
Amfipoli 4703 Palaiokomi 620 41 23240-9
Emmanouil Pappas 4708 Chryso 620 46 23210-7
Heraklia 4709 Heraklia 624 00 23250-2
Kapetan Mitrousi 4710 Provata 621 00 23210-9
Kerkini 4711 Rodopili 620 52 23170-2
Kormista 4712 Nea Bathra 620 47 23240-8
Lefkona 4713 Lefkona 621 xx 23210-9
Nea Zichni 4714 Nea Zichni 620 42 23240-2
Nigrita 4715 Nigrita 622 00 23220-2
Petritsi 4717 Neo Petritsi 620 43 23230-4
Proti 4719 Proti 620 47 23240-6
Rodolivos 4720 Rodolivos 620 41 23240-7
Serres 4721 Serres 621 00 23210-2
Sidirokastro 4722 Sidirokastro 623 00 23230-2
Skotoussa 4723 Skotoussa 621 00 23210-9
Skoutari 4724 Skoutari 621 00 23210-9
Strymona 4725 Strymona 621 00 23210-9
Strymoniko 4726 Strymoniko 620 54 2320-8
Traglio 4727 Mavrothalassa 620 49 23220
Visaltia 4728 Dimitritsi 622 00 23220-6


Commune YPES code Seat Postal code Area code ((0)30-)
Achladochori 4706 Achladochori Sidirokastrou 623 00 23230-6
Angistro 4701 Angistro 623 00 23230-4
Ano Vrontos 4704 Ano Vrontades 621 00 23210-8
Oreini 4716 Oreini 621 00 23210-5
Promachona 4718 Promachona 623 00 23230-4

Sporting teams

Primary and Secondary divisions A' and B' Ethniki

Junior division

  • Agkistro
  • Ano Poroia
  • Heraklia
  • Lithotopos
  • Nigrita FC
  • Pontismeno
  • Rodopoli
  • Sidirokastro FC
  • Vyroneia

External links