Chalkidikí or Chalcidice (in Greek: Χαλκιδική, alternative romanizations Khalkidhikí and Halkidiki) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. It is located in the southeastern portion of Macedonia. The Cholomontas mountains lie in the northcentral part. It consists of a large peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea, resembling a hand with three "fingers" (Pallene (now Kassandra), Sithonia, and Athos). The monasteries of Mount Athos are located on the easternmost "finger".
In ancient times, Chalcidice was part of Thrace until conquered by Macedon. The first Greek settlers in this area came from Chalcis (the area around Chalcis was also known as Chalcidice) and Eretria, cities in Euboea, around the 8th century BC who founded cities such as Mende, Torone and Scione, a second wave came from Andros in the 6th century BC. The ancient city of Stageira was the birthplace of Aristotle.
Capital of Chalcidice is the city of Polygyros, located in the center of the peninsula.
The only prefectural boundary is with the Thessaloniki prefecture located to the north.
- GR-18, NW, W, SW, Cen., NE
- Chalcidice has no railroads.
|Municipality||YPES code||Seat||Postal code||Area code|
|Kallikratia||5204||Nea Kallikratia||630 80||23990-2|
|Moudania||5206||Nea Moudania||632 00||23730-2|
|Pallini||5208||Pefkochori Chanioti||630 85||23740-5|
|Panagia||5209||Megali Panagia||620 76||23730-3|
|Sithonia||5211||Agios Athanasios||630 88||23750-2|
|Triglia||5214||Nea Triglia||630 79||23750-5|
- Aristotle the ancient Greek philosopher
- Sokratis Malamas (b. September 29, 1957 in Sykia), a Greek singer
- Manolis Mitsias, singer