Chalkidiki

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Satellite image of Chalkidiki and Thessaloniki

Chalkidikí or Chalcidice (in Greek: Χαλκιδική, alternative romanizations Khalkidhikí and Halkidiki) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. It is located in the southeastern portion of Macedonia. The Cholomontas mountains lie in the northcentral part. It consists of a large peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea, resembling a hand with three "fingers" (Pallene (now Kassandra), Sithonia, and Athos). The monasteries of Mount Athos are located on the easternmost "finger".

In ancient times, Chalcidice was part of Thrace until conquered by Macedon. The first Greek settlers in this area came from Chalcis (the area around Chalcis was also known as Chalcidice) and Eretria, cities in Euboea, around the 8th century BC who founded cities such as Mende, Torone and Scione, a second wave came from Andros in the 6th century BC. The ancient city of Stageira was the birthplace of Aristotle.

Capital of Chalcidice is the city of Polygyros, located in the center of the peninsula.

In June 2003, at the hotel Porto Carras located in Neos Marmaras, Sithonia, European Union leaders created the first draft of the European constitution.

The only prefectural boundary is with the Thessaloniki prefecture located to the north.


Nea Fokea at Kassandra, Chalkidiki

Sporting teams

Television

Transportation

  • GR-18, NW, W, SW, Cen., NE
  • Chalcidice has no railroads.

Ancient sites

Municipalities

Municipality YPES code Seat Postal code Area code
Anthemounta 5201 Galatista 630 73 23710-32
Arnaia 5202 Arnaia 630 47 23720-2
Kallikratia 5204 Nea Kallikratia 630 80 23990-2
Kassandra 5205 Kassandra 630 77 23990-2
Moudania 5206 Nea Moudania 632 00 23730-2
Ormylia 5207 Ormylia 630 71 23710-41
Pallini 5208 Pefkochori Chanioti 630 85 23740-5
Panagia 5209 Megali Panagia 620 76 23730-3
Polygyros 5210 Polygyros 631 00 23710-2
Sithonia 5211 Agios Athanasios 630 88 23750-2
Stagira-Akanthos 5212 Ierissos 630 72 23770-2
Toroni 5213 Sykia 630 72 23750-41
Triglia 5214 Nea Triglia 630 79 23750-5
Zervochoria 5203 Palaiochora 630 73 23710-6

See also: List of settlements in the Chalcidice prefecture

Persons

External Links