Kozani has been a prosperous area in the course of its history. Its merchants are once known to have dominated the commerce of the Balkan peninsula, expanding their trade activities to the north and along the Danube.
Kozani nowadays is still among the most prosperous areas of the Greek province, but for a different reason, its rich mining industry. Kozani produces lignite, which is the main source of the electric power produced in Greece, nitrous salts which are processed into fertilizers, and chromium. There was also an asbestos mine that remained operational until the mid-1990s, which has now ceased its operation.
In the prefecture of Kozani there is also the artificial lake and hydroelectric dam of Polyfytos, which further contributes to the electricity production of Greece.
The region's vast industrial advancement in a short period of time has raised environmentalist concerns.
Kozani has three provinces.
It is bounded by the prefectures of Kastoria to the west and northwest, Florina to the north, Pella to the northeast, Imathia and Pieria to the east, Larisa (part of Thessaly) to the southeast, and Grevena to the south.
- Greece Interstate 3, SE, Cen., N
- Greece Interstate 15, SW, W
- Greece Interstate 20, SW, W, Cen.
- Via Egnatia
|Municipality||YPES code||Seat||Postal code||Area code ((0)30-)|
|Agia Paraskevi||2901||Agios Christoforos||502 00||24630-51|
|Aiani||2902||Aiani (anc: Aiane)||500 04||24610-98|
|Dimitrios Ypsilantis||2907||Mavrodendri||502 00||24610-96|
|Kozani||2911||Kozani||501 00||24610-2 through 7|
|Commune||YPES code||Seat||Postal code||Area code ((0)30-)|
|Blasti||2906||Vlasti or Blasti||500 09||24630-93|