38.119 (38°9'11') N lat.</br> 23.961 (23°57'35) E long.
| Population: (1991)
around 500 to 800 m
|Postal code:||190 07|
|Area/distance code:|| 11-30-22940 (030-22940)|
|Car designation:|| |
|Address of administration:|| 25 Vas. Konstantinou St.|
Vari 166 72
Marathon (Greek, Modern: Μαραθώνας Marathona or Marathonas, Ancient/ Katharevousa: Μαραθών, "Marathon") is a town in Greece, the site of the battle of Marathon in 490 BC, in which the Athenian army defeated the Persians. A legendary run of a messenger named Phidippides from Marathon to Athens, a distance of 26.2 miles, after the battle forms the basis for the modern-day marathon race. When the messenger arrived in Athens, he shouted "NENIKIKAMEN" (we were victorious) and died. Later for mourning Athens' soldiers, a mound was made. Today there is a park around this mound.
Marathon (μάραθον) is the Greek word for fennel. It is believed that the town was originally named so because of an abundance of fennel plants in the area.
The sophist and magnate Herodes Atticus was born in Marathon.
In 1925 a dam was constructed by the American company ULEN in a valley above Marathon, in order to ensure water supply for Athens. It was completed in 1930. About 10 km² of forested land were flooded to form Lake Marathon. The Dionysos-Nea Makri road, part of GR-83, passes through a traffic-light-controlled one-lane driveway on the crest of the dam wall. The plain area lies to the southeast.
The beach of Schinias is located southeast of the town: it is a popular windsurfing spot and the Olympic Rowing Center for the 2004 Summer Olympics is also located there.
The rainstorm on September 16, 2005 ruined farmlands and flooded roads as well as houses, buildings and other properties. Lightning struck a house and also caused small forest fires. Crops were also ruined, a road were flooded which firefighters drained out. The rain later dissipated within the evening hours.
|Year||Communal population||Change||Municipal population|
Other settlements include Limni Marathona which the population is only 16 in 1991.
- Map and aerial photos:
- Coordinates: 38° 9′ 11″ N, 23° 57′ 35″ E
|Northwest: Kapandriti and Varnavas (both communes)||North: Grammatiko (commune)||Northeast: Grammatiko, Aegean Sea|
|West: Stamata (commune)
||Marathon||East: Aegean Sea|
|Southwest: Rodopoli (commune)||South: Nea Makri?|