Revolutionary People's Struggle

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The Revolutionary People's Struggle (Greek Επαναστατικός Λαϊκός Αγώνας, commonly abbreviated ELA) was an extreme leftist group that developed out of the opposition to the military junta that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974. Formed in 1971, the ELA is a self-described revolutionary, anti-capitalist, and anti-imperialist group, which has declared its opposition to "imperialist domination, exploitation, and oppression." The ELA is strongly anti-United States and seeks the removal of US military forces from Greece.


Since 1974, the group has carried out bombings against Greek Government and economic targets as well as US military and business facilities. In 1986, the group stepped up attacks on Greek Government and commercial interests. In November 1990, a raid on a safehouse revealed a weapons cache and direct contacts with other Greek terrorist groups, including 1 May and Revolutionary Solidarity. During 1991, ELA and 1 May claimed joint responsibility for more than 20 bombings. Greek police believe they have established a link between the ELA and the Revolutionary Organization 17 November.

The group disbanded in 1995.

In February 2004 the trial of five suspected members of Revolutionary People's Struggle opened, with one defendant admitting having been a member of ELA and the rest denying all charges. Four were found guilty of relatively minor charges but were still sentenced to 25 years each, and one was acquitted.

On January 8, 2008 an Athens court granted parole to Costas Agapiou, the last jailed member of ELA, three years into his 25-year prison term.