Komma Fileleftheron

From Phantis
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Komma Fileleftheron (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων - literally "Party of the Friends of Liberty"; usually translated as "Liberal Party") was one of the major Greek political parties of the early 20th Century.

Founded as the "Xipoliton" ("barefoot") party in Crete (then an autonomous region of the Ottoman Empire), its early leaders were Kostis Mitsotakis (Grandfather of Konstantinos Mitsotakis) and Eleftherios Venizelos. After the annexation of Crete by Greece, Venizelos moved to Athens and turned the party into a national one, under the "Fileleftheron" name in 1910. For the following 25 years, the fate of the party would be tied to that of Venizelos. Its main opposition came from the conservative Laiko Komma (Popular Party) which had the often open support of the Monarchy. The party was legally disbanned after the failed Nikolaos Plastiras coup of 1935, although the organization remained active.

During World War II, a Greek government-in-exile was formed in Cairo, Egypt, with the assistance of the British. The government was formed almost entirely of prominent Liberals, including Georgios Papandreou and Sophoklis Venizelos, even as King George (long suspected by the British for pro-German leanings) remained the official head of state. The party was reformed after the war, until it merged into Enosis Kentrou in 1961.

Prominent members

(Name, highest office as a party member, year)

See also