Ioannina (Greek: Ιωάννινα) is a prefecture of Greece, part of the north-western periphery of Epirus. Its capital is the city of Ioannina. It is bordered by Albania in the north, Kastoria in the northeast, Grevena in the east, the prefecture of Trikala in the east, Arta in the southeast, Preveza in the south and the prefecture of Thesprotia in the southwest and west. It is the largest prefecture in Epirus, covering almost half of Epirus. Ioannina is also one of the largest prefectures of Greece by number of municipalities and communities.
The geography of the region is rugged and mountainous, made up of mountain ranges including Tymfi in the northeast, Lakyos in the east, Xerovounio (Greek for dry mountains), Tomaros in the southwest and the Grammos mountains in the far north. Most of these ranges are part of the Pindus mountains. The 40th parallel crosses between Delvinaki and Konitsa. Much of the land lies south of the 40th parallel.
The mountains dominate the east, north, west and south. Fertile lands dominated the areas within Ioannina.
Recent snowstorms happened in the beginning of the 20th century. A snowstorm on January 31, 2005 closed schools and streets and clogged and closed most of the roads. Highways were slippery and tire chains were required.
- Greece Interstate 5/E55 S, Cen.
- Greece Interstate 6, W, Cen., E
- Greece Interstate 17, S, SW
- Greece Interstate 20/E55, Cen., NW, N
- Greece Interstate 26, NW
The prefecture of Ioannina, like most of the Greek mainland, is, mostly for lack of publicity and familiarity, not as popular as the islands among tourists. Yet the area, along with its natural beauty, has quite a few worthwhile and interesting historical attractions. Besides the city Ioannina, these are:
- A few kilometres south of the city is the Vrellis wax statue museum, displaying scenes from Greece's history. A small department in the city centre is free to the public;
- The Dodoni oracle and archeological site with amphitheatre;
- The Vikos-Aoos National Park, including the Vikos gorge, through which the Voidomatis river flows;
- The Zagoria villages, partly in the Vikos-Aoos National Park;
- Papingo, one of the Zagoria villages, a ski resort that is mainly popular with Greeks, and a popular starting point for hiking and mountaineering;
- Mount Smolikas, with 2637 meter Greece's second highest mountain;
- Metsovo, in winter a ski resort;
- The caves of Perama, a few kilometres northeast of Ioannina;
- The monument in Zalongo for the women of Souli;
- The war museum in Kalpaki. (There is also a fairly modern supermarket in the village of Kalpaki, in case you need to stop for some last minute items.)
- Bourzani Bridge, near Melissoptera
- Province of Dodoni - Ioannina
- Province of Konitsa - Konitsa
- Province of Metsovo - Metsovo
- Province of Pogoni - Delvinaki
|Municipality||YPES code||Seat||Postal code||Area code ((0)30-)|
|Agios Dimitrios||2201||Theriakisio||455 00||26540-22|
|Anatoliko Zagori||2204||Demati||455 00||26560-31|
|Ano Kalamas||2205||Parakalamos||440 04||26530-31|
|Ano Pogoni||2206||Kefalovryso||440 06||26570-41|
|Egnatia||2213||Mikro Peristeri||442 00||26560-2|
|Ioannina||2217||Ioannina||450 through 454||26510|
|Kentriko Zagori||2221||Asprangeli||440 07||26530-2|
|Molossi||2228||Voutsaras Ioannina||440 03||26580-31|
Communities of Ioannina
|Commune||YPES code||Seat||Postal code||Area code ((0)30-)|
|Distrato||2211||Palaioseli-Distratou (Distrato)||440 19||26550-24|
|Ioannina Island Nisos Ioanninon||2230||Ioannina Island¹ Nisos Ioanninon||455 00||26510-8|
|Kalarites||2218||Pramanta (Kalarites)||440 01||26590-61|
|Matsouki||2225||Matsouki (Pramanta)||440 01||26590-61|
|Papingo||2232||Aristi (Papingo)||440 16||26530-41|
|Sirako||2237||Sirako||450 through 454||26510-3|
|Vathypedo||2207||Filippiada (Vathypedo||482 00||26830-23|
- ¹ - One of the smallest communities in Greece
See also: List of communities of Ioannina
- Athanasios Tsakaloff, founder of the Filiki Eteria which laid the groundwork for Greek independence.
- Kyra-Frosini, executed woman who came to be viewed as a heroine by Greeks.
- Ioannis Kolettis, Prime Minister
- Georgios Zalokostas, fought in the War of Independence
- Kostas Krystallis, poet
- Georgios Averoff, national benefactor
- Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza, hailed from Metsovo though born in Thessaly
- Markos Avgeris (b. as Georgios Papadopoulos in 1884 - June 8, 1973)
Ioannina has a major football team, that is named PAS Giannina.
There are minor sports teams throughout the prefecture