As the political situation in Athens began to deteriorate, the government of Petros Protopapadakis resigned on September 8. Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos was entrusted by King Constantine I with the formation of a new ministry. After two days spent in negotiations, he failed in his task, and Nikolaos Triantaphyllakos, the ex-high commissioner of Greece at Constantinople, was summoned, succeeding with difficulty in forming a makeshift government.
In the meantime, intense anger and dissatisfaction was steadily growing among the population, and strict measures were necessary for the maintenance of order. On September 26, martial law was proclaimed, following the revolt of 8,000 troops and their officers in Thessaloniki, who sent word to Athens demanding the abdication of King Constantine and the imprisonment of the former prime ministers, Dimitrios Gounaris and Nikolaos Stratos. This revolt was followed by that of troops stationed in the islands of Mytilene, Chios, and Crete. The army contingents in Mytilene formed a Revolutionary Committee headed by Colonel Stylianos Gonatas, which despatched, by aeroplane, the following demands to Athens: the dismissal of the government, the dissolution of the parliament, new elections, and the abdication of King Constantine in favour of Crown Prince George. The revolutionary movement swiftly spread to other centres of Greece and to the Greek gunboats stationed at Mytilene and in and about the port of Piraeus. The Cabinet and Prime Mnister Triantaphyllakos resigned on September 29 and on that day King Constantine abdicated for the second time in the course of his career. His son succeeded him to the throne of Greece as King George II.
Triantaphyllakos died in 1939.
|Prime Minister of Greece
September 10, 1922 - September 29, 1922