Phthiotis, or (Greek, Modern: Φθιώτιδα - Fthiótida, Ancient/Katharevousa: Φθιώτις) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. The capital is the city of Lamia. It is bordered by the prefectures of Euboea via a gulf in the east, Boeotia in the west, Phocis in the south, Aitoloakarnania in the southwest, Evritania in the west, Karditsa in the west, Larisa in the north and Magnesia in the east.
Much of the areas within the shorelines are mountainous from the southern part with a few low-lying areas but the lowlands are in the central part and a length of 200 to 500 m in average in the north and in the Cephissus and the Spercheios valleys. GR-1 used to encircle the western part of the shoreline of Fthiotis until a tunnel opened up. Mountains dominate the south, the southwest, the further west and the north.
The prefecture in the 1950s began construction of the GR-1 (Athens - Lamia - Thessaloniki). Electricity and pavement of the roads began in the 1950s and the 1960s. The highway bypassed Lamia. It was opened a few years later. In the late-1990s, the tunnel began construction and was planned in the later part of the century ans is located in the eastern part of the prefecture. The grand opening of the Maliakos Tunnel linking near Stylida and E of Kameni Vourla was opened in the mid-2000s.
- E65, S, Cen., NE
- Greece Interstate 1/E75, SE, E, Cen., NE
- Greece Interstate 3, SE, S, Cen., N
- Greece Interstate 27, S, Cen.
- Greece Interstate 38, W, Cen.
- Odysseus Androutsos, hero of the Greek War of Independence
- Athanasios Eftaxias, prime minister
- Nikolaos Makarezos, Junta strongman
- Thanos Livaditis, actor
- Dimos Maglaras, athlete
- Niki Bakoyianni, athlete
|Municipality||YPES code||Seat||Postal code|
|Agios Georgios Tymfristos||4901||Agios Georgios||350 17|
|Agios Konstantinos||0302||Agios Konstantinos||350 06|
|Echinis||4909||Raches Stylidas||353 00|
|Kamena Vourla||4911||Kamena Vourla||350 08|
|Thessaliotida||4910||Nea Monastiri Domokou||351 00|
|Tithorea||4923||Kato Tithorea||350 15|
|Commune||YPES code||Seat||Postal code|
|Pavliani||4919||Pavliani Lamias||351 00|