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- January 14: Cretans revolt at Servili, Chania demanding union with Greece.
- January 16: The Greeks of Thessaly revolt against Ottoman yoke at Vrynia.
- January 21: 24,000 Greek troops, under Gen. Skarlatos Soutsos, invade Thessaly to protect the locals who rebelled against Ottoman yoke.
- February 12: 2,000 Cretan rebels attack fort Icedin at Chania.
- February 12: 700 Epirote rebels occupy Agioi Saranta, Northern Epirus.
- February 15: Rebels from Thessaly turn back a Turkish attack of some 4,000 regular troops at Makrinitsa, Pelion.
- February 19: The Treaty of San Stefano is signed, temporarily ceding most of Greek-claimed Macedonia to a Great Bulgaria.
- February 19: Greek rebels form a provisional government of Macedonia at Litochoro, Pieria.
- March 3: Turkish forces burn Litochoro.
- March 16: Rebels at Makrinitsa, Thessaly are overwhelmed by a superior Ottoman force.
- April 18: British diplomats secure a ceasefire between the Greek rebels of Thessaly, Epirus and Macedonia on the one hand and the Turkish Army on the other.
- May 5: Benjamin Disraeli suggests that Britain guarantee Turkey's eastern borders in exchange for Cyprus.
- June 4: Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.
- July 10: A British force under Admiral Lord John Hay arrives in Larnaca. The British rule of Cyprus commences.
- July 12: Admiral Lord John Hay hoists the Union Jack in Nicosia, Cyprus.
- July 13: The Treaty of Berlin is signed revoking the earlier Treaty of San Stefano.
- July 22: The first British High Commissioner of Cyprus, Sir Garnet Wolseley, arrives at Larnaca. The Bishop of Kitium, Kyprianos, reads an address of welcome which reportedly said: "we accept the change of Government in as much as we trust that Great Britain will help Cyprus, as it did the Ionian Islands, to be united with mother Greece, with which it is naturally connected."
- August 29: The first Cyprus newspaper, "Kypros-Cyprus", hits the stands in Nicosia. It consisted of two pages in Greek and two pages in English.
- October 3: The Treaty of Chalepa is signed between the Ottoman Empire and Cretan rebels granting Crete partial autonomy.
- Nikolaos Andriakopoulos, athlete
- Konstantinos Logothetopoulos, PM during the Axis occupation
- Ioannis Rallis, politician
- Nikolaos Theotokis, politician