- March 23: Guerrila leader, Georgios Skalidis, is killed in a battle against Turks, near Monastir, during the Macedonian Struggle.
- March 26: Georgios Theotokis triumphs in the Greek general elections.
- April 18 (NS): King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra arrive in Athens to attend the 1906 Athens Olympiad.
- April 22 (NS): The 1906 Athens "Olympiad" commences. This competition was outside the Olympic Games' four-year cycle and was organised in order to revive the Games which were in danger of dying out after the 1904 St Louis circus-like flop.
- July 9: Metropolitan Photius of Korytsa is murdered during the Macedonian Struggle.
- July 16: A pogrom takes place against the Greeks of Philippoupolis (Plovdiv), Eastern Rumelia. Churches and schools are destroyed.
- July 30: Bulgarian guerrilas attack and destroy the Greek section of Anchialos, Eastern Rumelia.
- September 2: Guerrila leader Athanasios Hadjipanagis is slain in a battle against Turkish forces near Serres.
- September 18: Alexandros Zaimis arrives in Crete to take over as High Commissioner.
- November 8: Miltiades Iatridis, naval officer
- November 18: Alec Issigonis, the engineer who designed the legendary Mini in the 50s
- November 26: Michail Hadjikonstantis, naval officer, WW II hero