1942

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Events

February

  • February 5: The EAM Youth Movement is founded during the Axis occupation of Greece.
  • February 16: The military wing of EAM - "ELAS" - is founded during the Axis occupation of Greece.

March

  • March 14: The Axis powers impose upon Greece a "loan" for their expenses in occupying the country. The loan was estimated in 1993 to be equivalent to US$9 billion of that time. The Axis powers promised to repay the loan "in the future".

April

  • April 28: Future Foreign Minister Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza is arrested by the Italian occupation forces for resistance-related activities.
  • April 30: The Greek government announces that bread will be distributed three times a week. Each person possessing the appropriate coupon will be entitled to 80 drams (250 grams) of bread each time.

June

July

  • July 28: Benito Mussolini arrives in Athens where he inspects his troops and holds talks with Greek officials of the occupation government.

September

  • September 11: The Greek forces in Egypt come under German airforce bombardment. Four soldiers are killed and ten are wounded.
  • September 12: The Greek submarine Papanikolis put the commandos ashore at Kokkini Ammos, Rhodes who, with the help of two local men - Nikos Savvas and Georgios Kyrmichalis, made their way to the airports at Kalathos and Maritsa, where they destroyed German war planes.
  • September 20: Resistance members belonging to PEAN blow up the offices of the "National Socialist Patriotic Organisation" killing 43 Germans and 23 Greek collaborators.

October

  • October 23: Greek units take part in the Battle of El Alamein.

November

  • November 11: Greeks in Istanbul are subjected to the Varlik Vergisi by the Turkish Parliament.
  • November 16: The Greek submarine "Triton" sinks a German tanker but is then itself sunk. 19 crew members perish.
  • November 25: Guerrilas from both EDES and ELAS blow up the Gorgopotamos Bridge used by Germans to supply Gen. Rommel's Afrika Korps.
  • November 30: Submarine Papanikolis, under Lt. Nicholas Roussen, sinks an enemy communications ship.

December

  • December 15: The British destroyer HMS Petard and Coast defense battleship Vasilissa Olga sink the Italian submarine Uarsciek (620 tons) south of Malta, towards the area of Benghazi, Libya.

Births

January

March

May

June

August

September

Unknown

Deaths

February

May

October