- February 5: The EAM Youth Movement is founded during the Axis occupation of Greece.
- February 16: The military wing of EAM - "ELAS" - is founded during the Axis occupation of Greece.
- March 14: The Axis powers impose upon Greece a "loan" for their expenses in occupying the country. The loan was estimated in 1993 to be equivalent to US$9 billion of that time. The Axis powers promised to repay the loan "in the future".
- April 28: Future Foreign Minister Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza is arrested by the Italian occupation forces for resistance-related activities.
- April 30: The Greek government announces that bread will be distributed three times a week. Each person possessing the appropriate coupon will be entitled to 80 drams (250 grams) of bread each time.
- June 10: King George II arrives in the USA.
- June 14: 50 Greeks are executed by German occupation troops in Heraklion, Crete.
- June 15: King George II addresses the American Congress.
- July 28: Benito Mussolini arrives in Athens where he inspects his troops and holds talks with Greek officials of the occupation government.
- September 11: The Greek forces in Egypt come under German airforce bombardment. Four soldiers are killed and ten are wounded.
- September 12: The Greek submarine Papanikolis put the commandos ashore at Kokkini Ammos, Rhodes who, with the help of two local men - Nikos Savvas and Georgios Kyrmichalis, made their way to the airports at Kalathos and Maritsa, where they destroyed German war planes.
- September 20: Resistance members belonging to PEAN blow up the offices of the "National Socialist Patriotic Organisation" killing 43 Germans and 23 Greek collaborators.
- October 23: Greek units take part in the Battle of El Alamein.
- November 11: Greeks in Istanbul are subjected to the Varlik Vergisi by the Turkish Parliament.
- November 16: The Greek submarine "Triton" sinks a German tanker but is then itself sunk. 19 crew members perish.
- November 25: Guerrilas from both EDES and ELAS blow up the Gorgopotamos Bridge used by Germans to supply Gen. Rommel's Afrika Korps.
- November 30: Submarine Papanikolis, under Lt. Nicholas Roussen, sinks an enemy communications ship.
- December 15: The British destroyer HMS Petard and Coast defense battleship Vasilissa Olga sink the Italian submarine Uarsciek (620 tons) south of Malta, towards the area of Benghazi, Libya.
- January 6: Yiannis Boutaris, Mayor of Thessaloniki
- January 19: Giorgos Hadjinasios, composer
- January 22: Mimis Domazos, footballer
- January 23: Andreas Stylianou, Cypriot footballer
- September 3: Giorgos Lianis, former Deputy Minister for Athletics
- September 4: Dimitris Tsovolas, politician
- Kostas Politis, basketball coach