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- February 12: The second general council of the Communist Party of Greece takes place which decides to boycott the upcoming elections in favour of armed struggle.
- February 20: Sophocles Venizelos found the Venizelist Liberal Party.
- February 20: Maximus V is elected Patriarch of Constantinople.
- March 31: The first post-WW II elections are held in Greece. Stylianos Gonatas' Laiko Komma emerges victorious. The elections were boycotted by the Communist Party of Greece.
- March 31: Communist forces attack Litochoro starting the 3rd phase of the Greek Civil War.
- April 4: Panagiotis Poulitsas forms a government.
- April 18: Konstantinos Tsaldaris forms a government.
- April 20: Stelios Kyriakidis wins the Boston Marathon with a record-breaking time of 2hr 29m 27s. His record will stand until the late 1960s. After finishing the race, Kyriakidis comments to the US media: "Please, don't forget my country!"
- June 17: The Greek Parliament controversially votes into law the Emergency Measures Act which allows the death penalty for those that "work against public order and the territorial integrity of the state"
- June 27: The foreign ministers of the Great Powers decide in Paris to award the Dodecanese to Greece.
- July 1: The first eleven special military courts are set up in Greece following the Emergency Measures Act of June 17.
- September 1: A referendum is held on the return of King George II. According to the official results, 68.3% of the electorate approve his return.
- September 28: King George II is formally recalled to the throne after a very controversial referendum.
- December 22: Exiled Metropolitan Makarios of Kyrenia - the future Archbishop Makarios II of Cyprus - returns to Cyprus to a tumulteous welcome.
- April 1: Nikitas Kaklamanis, Mayor of Athens
- April 14: Michalis Sarris, Minister for the Economy of the Republic of Cyprus.
- November 6: Romain Argyroudis, footballer
- November 23: Giorgos Koudas, football player
- November 28: Marios Lefkaritis, Cypriot football administrator.
- December 8: Giorgos Karafeskos, footballer.
- December 22: Giorgos Gonios, footballer
- December 28: Lefteris Poupakis, footballer
- Pantelis Karasevdas, Olympics shooter